FORENSIC CLINICAL SOCIAL WORK SERVICES
CASE MANAGEMENT SUPPORT
SCREENINGS & ASSESSMENTS, COUNSELING, BRIEF THERAPY,
EDUCATION, CRISIS INTERVENTION, RESOURCE LINKAGE
& REFERRAL, SUPPORTIVE SERVICES TO DETENTION STAFF
2013 SWIP PP
OJJDP Teleconference Mental Health April 2013
"Emotional, behavioral, and mental health issues, learning and developmental disabilities, cognitive impairment, substance abuse issues, and traumatic psychosocial factors effecting functioning in children and juveniles who are involved in the juvenile justice system are disproportionately high compared to the general population and significantly effect accountability for youth involved in the juvenile justice system (Shelley Clingan, LCSW)". "It is now well established that the vast majority of youth in the juvenile justice system, approximately 70%, suffer from mental disorders, with 25% experiencing disorders so severe that their ability to function is significantly impaired (National Center for Mental Health in Juvenile Justice)". For numerous reasons, these dynamic issues are often misidentified, unidentified, or unaddressed resulting in repeated involvement with the juvenile justice system (Coalition for Juvenile Justice; National Center on Education, Disability, and Juvenile Justice; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; National Institute of Mental Health, National Center for Mental Health in Juvenile Justice). In an effort to acknowledge and address the underlying role that these factors have in crimes and status offenses committed by youth, the Washington Regional Juvenile Detention Center hired a full time clinical Social Worker in 2004 and is the first detention center in the State of Arkansas to do so.
A primary service of the program is completing court ordered multi systems life course assessments (evaluating the biological, psychological, social, spiritual, cultural, and generational functioning across various domains and systems to include the environmental impact of traumatic incidents on psychosocial development) of juveniles who are detained and then making recommendations to the AR Fourth Judicial District Circuit Court, Juvenile Division about the needs of the juveniles, with subsequent referral and case management assistance to obtain services.
THE VISION OF THE SOCIAL WORK INTERVENTION PROGRAM IS TO REDUCE THE RECIDIVISM RATE OF JUVENILES DETAINED AT THE REGIONAL JUVENILE JUSTICE DETENTION CENTER BY PROVIDING SUPPORTIVE AND EMPOWERING SERVICES.
THE PURPOSE OF THE SOCIAL WORK INTERVENTION PROGRAM IS TO PROVIDE CASE MANAGEMENT SUPPORT AND CLINICAL SOCIAL WORK SERVICES TO ASSIST RESIDENTS DETAINED AT THE REGIONAL JUVENILE DETENTION CENTER, MEET THEIR PHYSICAL, MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, AND SPIRITUAL NEEDS THROUGH CULTURALLY COMPETENT AND GENDER SPECIFIC PRACTICE. THE PROVISION OF THESE SERVICES IS A COLLABORATIVE EFFORT WITH THE DETENTION PROGRAMMING TO ENSURE THAT THE JUVENILES DETAINED AT THE CENTER ARE OFFERED A REHABILITATIVE EXPERIENCE.
Sampling of Issues from JDC
"There is no single cause of delinquency and violence. Delinquents, especially chronic delinquents, exhibit a variety of social and psychological deficits in their backgrounds. These deficits, often referred to as risk factors, stem from breakdowns in five influential domains in juveniles' lives: neighborhood, family, school, peers, and individual characteristics . . . Some youth lack healthy parental guidance and monitoring. Some youth have cognitive and psychological deficits that make social and academic success difficult. Some attend disorganized and disruptive schools and fail to engage in academic pursuits. Some live in chaotic neighborhoods with few resources or outlets for positive social activities. Some are excluded from prosocial peer groups and have few, if any, wholesome friends . . . These risk factors, particularly when several are present, increase the likelihood of delinquency and violence. Conditions such as maltreatment or neglect by family members and others, a community with a large population of delinquent juveniles and gangs, ready access to drugs and guns, and an unsafe school increase the chance that a youth will make unhealthy or unlawful choices . . . Additionally, when a child's family life is filled with violence, problem behaviors, poor parental monitoring, and inconsistent disciplinary practices or maltreatment, a child's risk of delinquency increases . . . Youth exhibiting combinations of these deficits in multiple domains of their lives are at highest risk of delinquency" . OJJDP National Criminal Justice Reference Service report ‘Combating Violence and Delinquency: The National Juvenile Justice Action Plan